Category Archives: books

Restricted Items and Advice are Seen as More Desirable

We’ve all been there. You want the things you’re not supposed to have. This is a key concept outlined in Robert Cialdini’s Influence, which I’ve been examining in-depth over the past several posts.

There could be some truth that people need the things they can’t have. When Dade County in Florida declared laundry detergents containing phosphate to be illegal, not only did residents start hoarding and smuggling masses of the item, however in addition they started to see phosphate-based detergents better than before.

This “Romeo and Juliet” effect stems from the fact that individuals despise losing chances. Hence when something is prohibited or prohibited, chances are to look all the more desired. Parents regularly notice this rebellious phenomenon in their own children: if your child is expressly forbidden to play with it, any toy will end up a lot more attractive.

This presents interesting issues in the adult world too, mostly because banned information is, in addition, regarded as more valuable than information that is freely available, in terms of censorship. A study revealed that when college students were told a speech fighting co ed dorms was to be banned, they became more sympathetic to the argument of the speech without having heard one word!

Similarly, court research shows that juries may also be impacted by “censored” tips. It is definitely understood that when juries know that the insurance carrier can pay the bill, they tend to give plaintiffs bigger damages. Interestingly however, they give higher damages if they are expressly told by the judge to disregard the fact that the defendant has insurance. The “forbidden” information makes them overreact, similar to a toy that is banned appears profoundly desired to any kid and looks more relevant to them.

Advice and banned items are seen as more desirable.

When Opportunities Become Rare

When opportunities become rare, we want them more.

Here’s another post in my series about Robert Cialdini’s Influence.

A strong influence in our decision making is not abundance: if their availability is restricted, chances are noticed as more valuable. This appears to be due to the fact folks loathe losing chances, which will be well known is apparent within their use of “For a small time only!” and by advertisers “Last opportunity!” “Sale finishes in two days!”

A study revealed that when participants were told on meat of a small-time sale, they purchased three times more than if there is no time limit. When folks were told that merely a select few knew about the sale, this effect was compounded. The lack of both the advice as well as the offer itself made shoppers purchase six times more meat than customers oblivious of the time limit!

Lack becomes a strong sway under two states: We often need something more if its availability has decreased lately than if it has not been high all along. For this reason revolutions often occur when living conditions deteriorate dramatically rather than when they have been low. The abrupt fall increases want is ’sed by folks for something better, so actions is taken by them.

Second, our hearts racing is consistently set by opposition. Whether in love stories, auctions or real estate deals, thinking of losing something to a competitor frequently turns us from unwilling to overzealous. This is the reason, to buyers, realtors frequently mention for instance that several other bidders will also be enthusiastic about a house that is given, whether accurate or not.

To counter the eagerness that originates from lack, we have to always consider whether we need the thing in question due to the use to us (by way of example, its flavor or function), or simply due to an irrational wish to possess it. The solution will usually function as latter when deficiency is used against us.

We want them much more when opportunities become rare.

Rejection then Retreat – Why it Works

Rejection-then-retreat is a devious strategy because it evokes reciprocation rule of comparison.

Here’s another gem courtesy of a reading of Robert Cialdini’s Influence.

So also do we feel obliged to match concessions in discussions as we need to pay back favors. In case a boy scout asks one to obtain a five-dollar raffle ticket, but then escapes to requesting you just purchase a one-dollar sweet, you’re likely to choose the sweet to match his “concession,” not or whether you’re starving.

This is recognized as the rejection-then-retreat strategy, which is astonishingly strong in obtaining compliance. As well as our urge to reciprocate concessions, in addition, it evokes the comparison principle: the difference of the second to the very first is magnified when two things are presented one after the other. Therefore, the example that is sweet in the boy scout appears disproportionately low-cost subsequent to the raffle ticket.

The rejection-then-retreat strategy has even brought down presidents, including in the notorious Watergate scandal: In 1972, the reelection of President Richard Nixon appeared inescapable, yet somehow a guy called G. Gordon Liddy managed to convince the Committee to Re-elect the President (CRP) that they should give him 250,000 dollars to burglarize the offices of the Democratic National Committee.

This is a high-risk endeavor that is preposterously, but Liddy used the rejection-then-retreat strategy. He began by proposing a one-million-dollar scheme including mugging, kidnapping and hookers. Though his later second and third propositions were scandalous and very ill conceived, the CRP believed they’d to give Liddy something” for his concessions. Additionally, in comparison with the original excessive one-million dollar proposition, the 250,000-dollar scheme including “mere” no longer that was burglary seemed that bad. The ensuing scandal, following the burglars were captured, eventually forced Nixon to step down.

Rejection-then-retreat is a devious strategy for the reason that it evokes the rule of comparison as well as reciprocation.

Reciprocation and Favors

People have an overpowering need to reciprocate favors.

The rule of reciprocation (laid out by Robert Cialdini in his epic book, Influence) states that people feel a responsibility to reimburse others in kind for whatever they’ve supplied to us. For it enabled our ancestors safe in the information that they’d be reciprocated after this inclination forms the basis of societies.

If a person does us a favor and it is not returned by us, we feel a mental weight. This is partly because, as a society, we’re disdainful of these who don’t reciprocate favors. We fear being labeled as such ourselves, and label them as ingrates or moochers.

Several experiments have demonstrated that folks are really so fantastic to rid themselves of this burden of debt that they’re going to perform favors that were bigger for little ones.

As an example, when evaluation subjects were, purchased by a research worker, “Joe” a ten-cent Coke and afterwards requested them to purchase raffle tickets they reciprocated by buying 50 cents’ worth of tickets.

It was twice the amount compared to if Joe not supplied any Coke. Because in the research scenario all the genuinely free picks were Joe’s, clearly the possibility for exploitation exists here. He induced a debt onto the issues by purchasing them a Coke, but also chose their approach to reciprocation.

When they talented flowers to passersby on the road the Krishna organization used this strategy. Individuals frequently made contributions to the business to fulfill their demand to reciprocate the bloom though usually annoyed.

To fight back against efforts to benefit from the rule of reciprocation, it’s impossible to reject as you’d quickly become a cranky hermit all favors. Rather, identify for what they essentially are, whether real party favors or violent exploitation strategies, and simply afterward reciprocate in kind offers.

People have an overpowering feeling that they must reciprocate favors.

Harry Potterheads

OK, those of you who know us well probably won’t be surprised to learn that the entire family is a bunch of Harry Potter fanatics, dating back to when the original books were written and Aunt Sally sent over an early copy of The Philosopher’s Stone from England. Since then, we’ve all devoured every book and movie and spent many family dinners arguing some of the finer plot points and meanings.

Pottermore - Privet Drive

The sign for Privet Drive at the opening scene for Pottermore.

This past weekend, a very big present dropped in our laps: the release of Pottermore, the world of Harry Potter brought to life in an interactive web site from J.K. Rowling and Sony. It has been in beta testing for almost a year, and we’ve known about it for a while, but weren’t allowed into the beta test. But when it came out on Saturday morning, plans were cancelled, computers were fired up and we all dove in.

It’s a Potterhead’s dream. You move throughout the world of Harry Potter, experiencing all the major events that he did, chapter by chapter. You explore the world through different moments, which are the major scenes of each chapter in the story. Along the way, you need to click around to find items like Chocolate Frog Cards or Galleons. There are a lot of important things to find and you need to locate them all to progress to each new moment and chapter. If you get stuck or lost, try one of the many Pottermore walkthroughs on the Internet.

We all blazed through the story pretty quickly. In under an hour. That was are only complaint about Pottermore. There’s not enough of it! You do get some great material that you won’t find in the books or movies, mostly backgrounds and stories about the places and characters. But for now, only Book 1 is available. We’ll have to wait for the rest!